News!

http://g1.globo.com/goias/noticia/2016/01/quilombolas-que-viviam-em-condicoes-precarias-ganham-casas.html

Quilombolas Living in Precarious Conditions Gain Housing 

The link is to a video by Globo on coverage of a quilombo community in Goiânia that have just received free government housing. It highlights one family entering their new home and speaking about how excited they are to finally have a stable home. The video states that most of these families were living in very poor conditions so the state government granted the municipal government money and land to build housing for the quilombo community.

Though it is great that the Brazilian government is finally helping a community with housing, the article may have failed to mention the fight that would have had to happen in order to gain this land and money. In my opinion, Globo, the news organization, is very oriented on showing the government in a positive light. By just doing a search on their website for “quilombos” most of the articles showed the government in a positive light by highlighting all the great things they are doing for these communities. This is similar to what US media sources do when it comes to showing how the government helps minority communities, only the good is shown and never the bad.

 

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/07/10/brazil-quilombos_n_5572236.html

Brazil’s Quilombo Movement May be the World’s Largest Slavery Reperations Program 

Although it was published in 2014, I feel as if this article is still relevant to the Quilombo Movement today. This Huffington Post article was the first place I ever read about quilombos and their long history in Brazil, and the current quilombolas’ fight for their land. This article is the first part of a two part article series highlighting the quilombos’ fight in Rio de Janeiro and in the Northeast area of Brazil. This piece was written by Roque Planas, who wrote this article to summarize his research he had started back when he was a Master’s student in NYU on the quilombola movement. The two articles are very extensive by including real life testimonials from families living in quilmbos, social scientist, researchers, and Brazilian citizens who discuss their opinions on the constitutional change that grant quilombo communities their land.

I enjoyed reading the articles because they are full on information regarding big topics that we have covered in class such as, the way Brazilians modify their cultural identity to fit the new changes to their constitution, and also how discrimination in Brazil is mostly related to class not race. In my opinion, Roque is taking the side of the quilombo movement by shedding light to this issue and comparing it to the US so it give the US readers a better understanding of what is happening in Brazil. The references to the US also make it seem like he is showing how racist the US can be by pointing out that a constitutional change to give land back to the descendants of enslaved Africans would never happen in the US. Roque is mostly trying to communicate the good and the bad of what is happening to the quilombo communities and the reactions of the Brazilian people. He raises excellent questions about how communities should prove that they are quilombos : should it be by the culture of the quilombo or by proving their ancestory?

Overall, the main purpose of the article is to inform the world about quilombos. The article is written in english and Portuguese so it was also release for Huffington Post Brazil. I definitely recommend this article for anyone wanting to know more about quilombos.

http://www.em.com.br/app/noticia/gerais/2016/01/27/interna_gerais,729014/comunidades-ribeirinhas-quilombolas-e-indigenas-receberao-curso-de-qu.shtml

Quilombo and Indigenous Communities will Receive Qualification Courses

 The article, published by the new source Estado De Minas, is discussing the effort put forth by Brazil’s division of labor to educate these minority communities. The courses for these communities will focus on agriculture products and how to expand them for commercial selling. The farmers of the communities will have access to specialist in agriculture and business as well as their own website to sell the products. The website will eventually be taken over by members of the community once they are taught how to maintain this website. This is a push from the government to help out the rural farmers by increasing their production and cashflow.

The article’s focus is to inform the public of the program that is being developed to help the quilombo and indian communities. Obviously the article highlights that this is a push from the government to improve the lives of these minorities. This article does show governmental basis but it also does a good job in highlighting the various agriculture products that are made by these communities that have the potential to be profitable. Beyond that, the article highlight the overall potential that is found in quilombo communities that other states in Brazil may have failed to notice. By giving access to these courses, the state of Mina Gerias does a great job of making these communities an important part of society.

http://www.sonoticias.com.br/noticia/geral/governo-discute-regularizacao-fundiaria-para-populacao-quilombola-em-mt

Government Discusses Regularization for Quilombo Population

Found in Só Noticias, this article has been making its way through various small news source. The topic of this article is the recent meeting that took place in Mato Grosso between the Secretary of State for Justice and Human Rights and the Superintendent of Public Policies for Racial Equality. The two representatives discussed changes to state legislation in order to give the quilombo communities their land. The Superintendent stated that granting the quilombo communities their land is a form of recognizing their social rights.

This article is very insightful. Many times articles on quilombos overlook the fact that even though Brazil does have legislation giving these citizens rights to the land the process can be cumbersome and long. Although many quilombos obtain official recognition that they are quilombolas, the process to get the actually title to their land will be long and many time unsuccessful. This article further proves this point by demonstrating how states are wanting to pass their own legislation to expedite the process of the communities obtaining their title. This meeting is just the beginning of talks that are going to hopefully end with approved legislation to give quilombolas the title to their land.

Overall this article is very straightforward, although like many news sources they are going to show the government in the best light possible. My hope is that land reform does take place in Mato Grosso for the benefit of the quilombo communities.

http://www.vermelho.org.br/noticia/274937-10

Quilombo Lands are Released to a community in Rio Grande do Sul 

Vermelho posted an article on how the quilombo community of Vovô Geraldo in Rio Grande do Sul is going to be given 22 more acres to add on to their already existing 26. Being able to give more acres to this quilombo has been a very exciting accomplishment for INCRA. The land that was marked as quilombola has been in the process of being expropriated which has sold the process of getting the land to the rightful owners. The article further explains the difficulty of obtaining the title of the land for these communities.

Vermelho is a very liberal site, so this article was more aimed at exploring the fight on the side of the quilombo communities. One thing that I do not often think about is that the lands that these communities are fighting for are owned by another entity or person. The process of expropriation can be very long especially if there is value in the land so this adds on to the titling process for the communities that are awarded land. This article also emphasized what the community was going to with their land.

http://www.worldbank.org/en/results/2015/03/27/leveling-playing-field-brazil-quilombola-communities-bahia-ceara-pernambuco

Leveling the Playing Fields for Brazil’s Quilombola Communities

 The World Bank published this article that highlights their new effort in Bahia, Ceará, and Pernambuco to increase the participation of quilombola leaders and empower quilombola communities by improving their ability to engage in collective action and community level initiatives. The point of this program is to educate the people of quilombolas by providing workshops that teach about proper documentation needed as a brazilian citizen and teach the communities how to be involved in the organizations that help their quilombolas. The results of this program has been an increase in the visibility of quilombola communities and strengthen the leaders involvement in policy decision making.

This article truly proves the results of the Quilombola Movement. Not only has this movement been able to ignite change in Brazil but has also caught the attention of major world organizations. The World Bank makes it their mission to end world poverty so it is great that they have started initiative with the quilombola communities in the poorest states of Brazil. With the World Bank, it is obvious that they are also on the side of the poorest communities even though they do a lot of work with governments. Their effort truly gain global attention to what is happening in third world or emerging countries.