Fontes De Notícias Sobre A Fome No Brasil

In my research into how hunger in Brasil is reported by media output in the country, I was able to discover very different portrayals of the problem depending on the political bias of the source.

Sources such as Carta Capital and Agência PT de Notícias, both of which I would consider to be leftest, tended to be the most straight forward in their analysis of the hunger problem in Brasil. They acknowledge that the problem is not a lack of available food in the country, but rather a lack of access due to limited money or other resources. Both news sources seem to almost paint an idealized version of the problem; however unlike their conservative competitors not, by pretending the problem of hunger no long exists. Instead they show that yes, the government is attempting to increase income of these communities of families living in poverty, and yes, there has been a large decrease in the amount of hunger left in these communities. In their idealized picture they seem to leave out that there is still a large issue with the income security these families have despite government efforts. If the government’s plan is not working, is it possible that the institution itself could not be working as well as everyone believes? On the other hand, these leftest sources do include that despite government efforts, in 2013 there were still large differences between communities with access to food, and that those who have had little access are still struggling.  This point concedes that that access to provided  aid resources are not as widely available as the program idealizes. The political agenda conveyed by these sources is to highlight the skewed distribution of wealth (depicted by the ants in the image above), and focus on fixing this distribution in Brasil.  They send the message that providing the poor with food and money would improve lives and the country.

Agência PT:

http://www.pt.org.br/combate-a-fome-no-brasil-e-destaque-em-relatorio-da-fao/

Carta Capital:

http://www.cartacapital.com.br/blogs/cartas-da-esplanada/para-ter-seguranca-alimentar-o-mais-importante-e-garantir-acesso-aos-alimentos-9582.html

http://www.cartacapital.com.br/sociedade/mais-da-metade-da-populacao-quilombola-no-brasil-convive-com-a-fome-8712.html

On the other side the more conservative news source, Globo, merely mentioned the hunger problem in Brasil as if it were an old fad that had already been dealt with. Instead, Globo focused on obesity which they have reported to be a greater problem than hunger. I am not trying to make the point that I do not think obesity is a serious problem as well. My point is that both obesity and hunger are serious problems for Brasil, and both should be respected as such. Not only does having food available matter,  but the kinds of food available are equally important for a country’s health.  By focusing on obesity they fail to include the problems of hunger in Brasil. I thought it was interesting how in the more conservative source, which would be most widely read by whites in higher classes in Brasil, who are most typically be of European decent, talks about France as an inspiration. This subtlety reinforces looking to Europe as a leader for ideas and practices.

Globo:

http://g1.globo.com/natureza/blog/nova-etica-social/post/pobreza-global-obesidade-supera-fome-no-brasil-e-na-franca-lei-obriga-doar-alimentos.html

The news reported on hunger in Brasil presented by the national government’s webpage trys to remain the most neutral of all the new sources reporting on the subject. Instead of elaborating  on problems of hunger that still exist in the country, Portal Brasil‘s report focuses on overcoming the problem by creating a sustainable supply and future for poor communities. They promote a political agenda of progress. The seed distribution discussed is supposed to allow economic equal opportunity for farmers since in theory they can sell the seeds and the food they produce. This government site is where  many Americans would look to hopefully find reliable information on current issues in the country, so for this reason the report solely focuses on presenting a vision of positive progress. They attempt to move away from the more impoverished stereotype Americans give Brasil and South American countries.

Portal Brasil:

http://www.brasil.gov.br/cidadania-e-justica/2016/02/governo-federal-compra-61-t-de-sementes-e-distribui-a-agricultores-familiares-de-goias

This video clip was originally broadcast as a television new story by Repórter Brasil. This video is almost comical in how detached this Brasilian media outlet portrays itself from its own country. Their story focuses only on the area where the project Zero Hunger began, which presets a bias representation of the program’s progress since this is the area it has been working in the longest. Repórter Brasil choose to show video footage of the community before the government’s influence in black in white as if to detach it from reality and make it seem like an old world instead of in the modern era which it was filmed. The footage after the implementation of the Zero Hunger project was shown in color to represent bringing the community into the 21st century by providing new technologies and advancements; the contrast back to color was like bringing Dorothy to Oz.  Despite the problems of poverty that still remain prominent in the region, towards the end of the video the reporter mentions how the misery in the community has disappeared thanks to the small advancements made. This conservative bias of the hunger problem again ignores to highlight the poverty that still exists after the program, and how the distribution of wealth plays a role in the on going hunger problem that bringing food cannot fix.

Repórter Brasil:

Mapa da Fome No Brasil

This map was produced by the World Food Programme, to show the intensities of hunger seen in countries around the world as of 2014. The map focuses on what the World Food Programme considers to be the direct results of its project called “Zero Hunger” highlighting the countries that are in the most dire need of immediate relief, and the difference a small donation can make.

The world map shown was created and endorsed by the World Food Programme as part of ts Zero Hunger campaign. The WPF is an organization supported and funded by the United Nations. Because this organization is funded by the UN, their map is very selective with the areas that show hunger, and depicts Brasil has having almost no hunger. They depict Brasil this way to try and create supporting evidence that their Zero Hunger program works in order to gain the support of more donors. It makes perfect sense that WPF and the UN would not want to highlight how there is still an unfair distribution among those that are hungry in countries that seemingly have little problems according to the map. The incomplete view their map shares leaves out how they do not try to help the social or economic problems that lead to certain social groups having higher amounts of hunger.

Hunger in Brasil has definitely been improved with the implication of the Zero Hunger Program; however, hunger is no where near close to diminished in all areas of the country like this map shows.  A more accurate map would show the variations of hunger levels withing the country. Also, just because food is provided doesn’t always mean it is going to who needs it most, they are really just putting a band aid on the problem and calling it healed instead of fixing the underlying causes.  This map would convince people that Brasil is doing just as well as the United States and Europe which is not the case. Yes there are more severe cases, but a map like this is very biased to highlight only the problems the UN wants to focus on.